Joseph F. Patrouch

in Renaissance and Reformation

ISBN: 9780195399301
Published online August 2011 | | DOI:

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)
  • Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy


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It is a challenge to define “Austria” in the 14th through the 17th centuries. On the one hand, the term refers to a geographic and political unit based on seigneurial holdings centered on the Danube Valley near cities such as Vienna and Linz. This Austria included the provinces of Upper and Lower Austria proper as well as territories such as Carinthia, Styria, Carniola (roughly what is now Slovenia), and Tirol and some scattered holdings in the upper Danube and Rhine valleys as far west as Alsace. On the other hand, “Austria” came to be tied to the family that ruled these and many other territories in the early modern and modern periods. This is the “House of Austria” or Hapsburg dynasty. For discussion of the latter aspect of Austrian identity, see the Oxford Bibliographies Online article “Hapsburgs.” This bibliography concentrates on the period from the demographic crisis of the mid-14th century and the economic, social, and cultural restructuring that resulted from it until the period immediately following the successful defense of the city of Vienna in 1683 against a besieging Ottoman army. After that event, the ruling dynasty could turn its increasingly unified Austrian lands into an important base for operations toward the east. One theme of much of the work mentioned in this article is the regional nature of authority in the relatively diverse territories that made up “Austria” in this period.

Article.  4931 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945) ; Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy

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