Article

Missionization

James S. Bielo

in Anthropology

ISBN: 9780199766567
Published online June 2013 | | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199766567-0126
Missionization

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  • Human Evolution
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Missionization is a term that references a historical process of religious evangelism. The term most often refers to Christian missionaries, and this usage is reflected in the anthropology of missionization, which has focused primarily on Christianity (the term has been deployed in association with Muslim and Mormon evangelisms as well; however, this review focuses on Christian missionization). As a process, missionization often intersects with a wide range of cross-cultural encounters, including transnationalism, colonialism, nation-state and community development, linguistic translation, religious conversion, and cultural change in general. The anthropological study of missionization includes descriptive and critical perspectives and traverses numerous subfields, from the anthropology of religion to linguistic, economic, political, and legal anthropology, gender, and postcolonial studies, and globalization. The overwhelming majority of missionization studies in anthropology focus on Western missionaries engaging non-Western, often indigenous, populations.

Article.  8729 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology ; Human Evolution ; Medical Anthropology ; Physical Anthropology ; Social and Cultural Anthropology

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