Hundred Years War

John D. Hosler

in Military History

ISBN: 9780199791279
Published online April 2013 | | DOI:
Hundred Years War

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Along with the Crusades, the Hundred Years War (1337–1453) is probably the most-researched area of medieval military history today. The extant information on the war is vast and often complex in nature, thus constituting both challenges and opportunities for those seeking to mine it; moreover, much of the data is still underutilized, lying dormant in European archives. The operational and technical detail relating to warfare within the evidence is specific and abundant. Unlike other periods in the Middle Ages, for which information can often be sparse, the historian studying the Hundred Years War is blessed with a level of detail that is unmatched. The result has been an explosion in scholarship on the warfare of the 14th and 15th centuries, and while many stones remain unturned they are gradually dwindling in number. Oxford Bibliographies has already published one article: the Hundred Years’ War. Written by Clifford Rogers for Oxford Bibliographies Online in the subject field of Renaissance and Reformation, it is an excellent introduction to the major facets and context of the conflict. The present article was designed with a narrower focus in mind. While some of the citations from the article by Rogers do reappear here, this article attempts to approach the subject from angles that speak primarily to the violent aspects of the war rather than the political. While good biographies of leaders may, therefore, go unmentioned, more obscure books centering on that leader’s generalship are included. Besides the overviews, textbooks, and encyclopedias, the citations here can be grouped thematically into four general categories: generalship, military actions, aspects of armies, and consequences of war. England and France, as the main combatants of the war, receive their own categories in some cases, while peripheral areas (in a geographic, not historical, sense) such as Burgundy, Gascony, and Spain are grouped together for convenience. The well-known battles such as Crécy are, of course, included, but they are accompanied in other places by lesser-known events like Aljubarrota. In addition, some attention has been paid to issues of military technology and the question of the so-called medieval military revolution, two areas of study that have lately reinvigorated the field.

Article.  13645 words. 

Subjects: Military History ; Pre-20th Century Warfare ; First World War ; Second World War ; Post-WW2 Military History

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