(fl. 245 bc)

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Archimedes (c. 287—212 bc) Greek mathematician and inventor, of Syracuse

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Of Samos (first half of 3rd cent. bc), mathematician and astronomer. After observing star‐risings and weather phenomena in Italy and Sicily, he became famous by his identification (c.245 bc) of a group of stars near the constellation Leo as the ‘asterization’ of the lock of hair dedicated by Queen Berenīcē of Egypt to the victory of her husband Ptolemy III. This flattery was celebrated by Callimachus (2) in a poem imitated by Catullus (66). In mathematics he wrote on intersecting conics and was a correspondent of Archimedes, who respected him and regretted his early death.

Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Classical Studies.

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