(1817–91), English gardener and garden designer who was apprenticed at Chatsworth to Joseph Paxton, and served as his foreman of works on Birkenhead Park (1843–7). On its completion, he became its superintendent for over 40 years, while pursuing a career as a garden designer. In 1850 he published How to Lay out a Small Garden; by its third edition (1864) it had dropped the word ‘small’ and become a widely influential manual on the design of country estates. Among his major commissions were Hesketh Park, Southport, and Stanley Park, Liverpool, in which he continued Paxton's later trend towards increasing formality of design and the use of viewing terraces within the park.
From The Oxford Companion to the Garden in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden.
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