Chapter

Oral Cavity, Oropharynx, Lip, and Salivary Glands

Mia Hashibe, Erich M. Sturgis, Jacques Ferlay and Deborah M. Winn

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print November 2017 | ISBN: 9780190238667
Published online December 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780190238698 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0029
Oral Cavity, Oropharynx, Lip, and Salivary Glands

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Medical Statistics and Methodology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, lip, and salivary glands are malignancies of the head and neck. Some of these cancer sites share risk factors, although each has distinctive anatomic, epidemiologic, and clinical features. Oral cavity cancers arise on the inner lip and buccal mucosa, anterior two-thirds of the tongue, gum, hard palate, and floor of mouth. These cancers are strongly associated with the use of smoked and smokeless tobacco products, heavy alcohol consumption, and chewing of betel quid or pan, but only minimally associated with prior infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). In contrast, oropharyngeal cancers affect the posterior one-third (base) of the tongue, tonsils, soft palate, and other oropharyngeal tissues and are strongly associated with HPV-16 infection as well as with the use of tobacco, alcohol, and betel quid. In principle, tumors of the oral cavity, oropharynx, and lip are among the most preventable forms of cancer.

Keywords: oral cavity; cancer; oropharyngeal cancer; HPV; tobacco; alcohol; epidemiology

Chapter.  28598 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology ; Public Health and Epidemiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or purchase to access all content.