Chapter

Abascal and the Problem of Letters in Peru, 1806–1816

Mónica Ricketts

in Who Should Rule?

Published in print October 2017 | ISBN: 9780190494889
Published online August 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780190494919 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190494889.003.0007
Abascal and the Problem of Letters in Peru, 1806–1816

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
  • History of the Americas

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

The focus turns to Peru in this chapter, which offers an ideal case study for understanding the power struggles between the royal military and the republic of letters. One of the most successful military officers and viceroys of the empire, Fernando de Abascal, was vehemently committed to expanding his prerogatives and the military’s, while quashing efforts to implement liberal measures in his jurisdiction. With the support of one of the largest armies of the Spanish Empire, Abascal succeeded in both undertakings. Only a weak liberal opposition developed in Peru, a liberalism mainly concerned not to declare independence from Spain or claim autonomy within the Spanish Empire but to overcome the overwhelming power of the viceroy and his army. Abascal ruled as a virtual military dictator, confirming Liberals’ protests against him and establishing a model for future military caudillos.

Keywords: José Fernando de Abascal; Royal Army of Alto Peru; military despotism; insurgencies; José Manuel de Goyeneche; Mateo Pumacahua; caudillos; rebellions; conspiracies

Chapter.  13700 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) ; History of the Americas

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.