Book

Sharing the Burden

Charlie Laderman

Published in print December 2019 | ISBN: 9780190618605
Published online October 2019 | e-ISBN: 9780190618636 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190618605.001.0001

Series: Oxford Studies in International History

Sharing the Burden

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  • History of the Americas
  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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The destruction of the Armenian community in the Ottoman Empire was an unprecedented tragedy. Theodore Roosevelt was adamant that it was the “greatest crime” of the First World War. The mass killing of approximately one million Armenian Christians was the culmination of a series of massacres that Winston Churchill would recall had roused publics on both sides of the Atlantic and inspired fervent appeals to see the Armenians “righted.” This book explains why the Armenian struggle for survival became so entangled with the debate over the United States’ international role as it rose to world power at the turn of the twentieth century. In doing so, it provides a fresh perspective on the role of humanitarian intervention in US foreign policy, Anglo-American relations and the emergence of a new international order after World War One. The clash over the US responsibility to protect the Armenians encapsulated the nation’s conflict over its global position and was a central preoccupation of both Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. For American and British leaders, a US intervention in the Near East to secure an independent Armenia was key to establishing a revised international system and to their visions for the new League of Nations. The debate over safeguarding the Armenians reveals the values that animated American society during a pivotal period in its history. In forcing US politicians to grapple for the first time with atrocities on this scale, it also demonstrates dilemmas in humanitarian politics that continue to bedevil policymakers today.

Keywords: world order; Armenian genocide; League of Nations; humanitarian intervention; Theodore Roosevelt; Woodrow Wilson; United States; Anglo-American relations; Britain; Middle East

Book.  336 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas ; Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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Table of Contents

Introduction in Sharing the Burden

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The Origins of a Solution in Sharing the Burden

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The Rooseveltian Solution in Sharing the Burden

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The Missionary Solution in Sharing the Burden

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The Wilsonian Solution in Sharing the Burden

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The American Solution in Sharing the Burden

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Dissolution in Sharing the Burden

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Conclusion in Sharing the Burden

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