Are the work values of the younger generations changing?

Gábor Hajdu and Endre Sik

in Youth Labor in Transition

Published in print December 2018 | ISBN: 9780190864798
Published online January 2019 | e-ISBN: 9780190864828 | DOI:

Series: International Policy Exchange Series

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This chapter analyzes whether work values differ between birth cohorts, age groups, and time periods. Using large cross-national surveys from more than 30 countries, it is shown that the centrality of work is highest in the middle age groups and significantly lower during 2005–2009 than in the 1990s. However, there are no detectable gaps between birth cohorts. Thus, in contemporary Europe, the generations are not divided significantly with regard to their work values so that rather than pointing to generational differences, the lack of them should be emphasized. From a policy standpoint, this means that the generational differences often referred to in public debates and used in political discourses are a myth. The results presented in this chapter imply that if sound European Union policies are implemented to cope with youth unemployment, they will not fail because of generation-specific attitudes.

Keywords: work values; centrality of work; age–period–cohort analysis; generation; generational differences

Chapter.  9913 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Organizations ; Social Policy and Advocacy

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