Chapter

The Alternatives, Just War Theory, and Pacifism

James Pattison

in The Alternatives to War

Published in print June 2018 | ISBN: 9780198755203
Published online July 2018 | e-ISBN: 9780191816567 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198755203.003.0010
The Alternatives, Just War Theory, and Pacifism

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This chapter delineates the theoretical and practical implications of the preceding analysis. It first summarizes the case for each of the alternatives in turn, before considering the implications for war. In doing so, the chapter highlights the two central themes of the book: (1) there are several normative reasons in favour of the alternatives and (2) there are further objections to war. It argues that, although the preceding analysis appears to strengthen the case for pacifism (since there is more to the alternatives than it often seems), it also poses a challenge to it. The chapter then outlines the implications for the jus ad bellum principle of last resort. It defends an account of ‘Presumptive Last Resort’, which holds that war should be presumed to be the last feasible option. It also outlines five implications for the responsibility to protect doctrine.

Keywords: Just War Theory; pacifism; responsibility to protect; R2P; last resort

Chapter.  8138 words. 

Subjects: International Relations ; Political Theory

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