Chapter

The Treatment of Depression

Hugh Series

in Depression

Published in print August 2017 | ISBN: 9780198801900
Published online October 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780191840456 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198801900.003.0010
The Treatment of Depression

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This chapter considers some of the physical options for the treatment of the affective disorders, depression, and mania. It first provides an historical overview of physical treatments for depression, including drugs such as opium, morphine, and diamorphine, chloral, and barbiturates, as well as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). It then examines whether antidepressants work and how they are used before describing the biological basis of depression. It also looks at different classes of antidepressants, including monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), reuptake inhibitors, and mood stabilizers. Finally, it evaluates non-pharmacological physical treatments ranging from ECT to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), psychosurgery and deep brain stimulation, and novel therapies.

Keywords: affective disorders; depression; mania; physical treatment; drugs; electroconvulsive therapy; antidepressants; transcranial magnetic stimulation; psychosurgery; deep brain stimulation

Chapter.  4472 words. 

Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration ; Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law

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