Frances Harris

in The General in Winter

Published in print July 2017 | ISBN: 9780198802440
Published online June 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780191840746 | DOI:

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  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
  • Social and Cultural History


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The fifth chapter shows the Marlborough-Godolphin partnership in full operation, as Godolphin aims to defeat the economy of France while Marlborough conquers the French army in the field. Nottingham resigns and is replaced as Secretary of State by Harley. Financed by Godolphin’s remittances, Marlborough marches his army into Germany and wins a decisive victory against the French at Blenheim. But he then makes a tour of German courts, leaving Godolphin to face Parliament alone in England. Godolphin sets a standard of ministerial responsibility by defending his advice to the queen to pass the Scots Act of Security. As the High Tories threaten to bring him down by tacking the Occasional Conformity bill to the Land Tax, the Whigs offer to support the war and Union. Godolphin’s association with one of the Whig leaders, Charles Montagu, Lord Halifax, and the marriage of Marlborough’s daughter into the Montagu family furthers the alliance.

Keywords: Duke of Marlborough; Lord Godolphin; Blenheim; Act of Security; ministerial responsibility; Occasional Conformity; Tack; Lord Halifax; Mary Lady Monthermer; Duchess of Montagu

Chapter.  13459 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) ; Social and Cultural History

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