Understanding and Preventing Adolescent Bullying, Sexual Violence, and Dating Violence

Dorothy L. Espelage and Sabina Low

in The Oxford Handbook of Prevention in Counseling Psychology

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780195396423
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Understanding and Preventing Adolescent Bullying, Sexual Violence, and Dating Violence

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  • Counselling Psychology


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Abstract In this chapter, the social ecological framework was used to identify unique and shared risk and protective factors of bullying experiences (victimization, perpetration), sexual violence, and dating violence perpetration in adolescents. Individual predictors included sex, race, anger, empathy, callousness, and impulsivity. Family violence, parenting style, and parental monitoring are discussed as risk factors. Attitudes and behaviors of friendship also contribute to the onset and continuation of these outcomes. Teacher’s attitudes and school climate play a very important role in exacerbating bullying and sexual violence, but can also serve as protective agents. When prevention programs are designed or selected from the many marketed programs, it is important for consumers to consider the extent to which the programs include many of the risk and protective factors.

Keywords: school bullying; dating violence; homophobic teasing; sexual harassment

Article.  15643 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Counselling Psychology

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