Online Deliberation

Kim Strandberg and Kimmo Grönlund

in The Oxford Handbook of Deliberative Democracy

, pages 364-377
Published in print September 2018 | ISBN: 9780198747369
Published online October 2018 | e-ISBN: 9780191809699 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Online Deliberation

Show Summary Details


This chapter provides an overview of the empirical research on online deliberation, focusing on three aspects: the preconditions of online deliberations, the communicative processes of online deliberations as well as the central outcomes of online deliberations. Regarding preconditions, we provide an overview of sampling choices and use of incentives in recruitment. We also demonstrate the ways in which scholars have designed online deliberations. We gauge elements such as whether online deliberations are asynchronous or synchronous, allow for anonymous participants or not, employ facilitators or not, and how information materials are used. Regarding the communicative processes, we pinpoint a gap in the research since there are still rather few studies actually measuring discursive quality in online deliberation. Concerning outcomes of online deliberations, the chapter focuses mainly on how taking part in online deliberation affects participants. We also provide a brief overview of how online deliberations have been tied to actual policy-making.

Keywords: deliberation; online deliberation; research overview; preconditions; deliberative process; recruitment; outcomes

Article.  5683 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or purchase to access all content.