Article

Incorporating Christian Communities in North Africa

Susan T. Stevens

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

Published in print February 2019 | ISBN: 9780199369041
Published online January 2019 | e-ISBN: 9780199369065 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199369041.013.32

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Incorporating Christian Communities in North Africa

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Christian communities in North Africa are attested in textual sources from the second into the tenth centuries. The material evidence for them, especially churches, is restricted to the fourth through the seventh centuries and is embedded in the Roman landscape. Case studies of the urban, small town, and rural churches at Ammaedara, Aradi, Henchir Sokrine, and Horrea Caelia demonstrate a North African tendency to incorporate martyria and baptisteries. Churches also embody and shape local communities of martyrs, saints, clergy, and laymen. Their archaeological histories emphasize the continuity and cohesion of Christian communities in the face of sectarian and political conflicts.

Keywords: Ammaedara; Aradi; Henchir Sokrine; Horrea Caelia; basilica; martyrium; baptistery; relics; tombs

Article.  8168 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Archaeology ; Archaeology ; African Archaeology

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