Article

Archaeogenetics of Africa and of the African Hunter-Gatherers

Viktor Černý and Luísa Pereira

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers

Published in print April 2014 | ISBN: 9780199551224
Published online July 2014 | | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199551224.013.005

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

Archaeogenetics of Africa and of the African Hunter-Gatherers

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Archaeology
  • African Archaeology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

East African foragers were probably the first who colonized most of the world before the invention of agriculture—their first biologically successful migration out of Africa can be inferred from the mtDNA phylogeny and dated to ~ 65,000 years ago. They were also involved in other migrations within the African continent during Late Pleistocene, as shown from a high-resolution characterization of several other African mtDNA haplogroups. Contemporary African hunter-gatherers differ from their neighbours in many aspects. They all show signs of demographic contraction that might be due to interrupted gene flow among their sub-populations caused by recent establishments of sedentary farming communities. In fact, they are not independent and maintain both cultural exchanges and marital relationships with neighbouring farmers. However, in spite of recent admixtures, their gene pool still contains a high number of both maternal and paternal lineages that coalesce to the deepest clades of modern human phylogeny.

Keywords: population genetics; African hunter-gatherers; mitochondrial DNA; genetic diversity; phylogeography; migrations

Article.  10027 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; African Archaeology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.