Southern African Late Farming Communities

Alex Schoeman

in The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Published in print July 2013 | ISBN: 9780199569885
Published online September 2013 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Southern African Late             Farming Communities

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Southern African Late Farming Communities were related to the majority of contemporary southern Africans. These agropastoralists formed part of a broader precolonial southern African complex during the second millennium AD that also included hunter-gatherers and pastoralists. European colonial expansion in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries dramatically disrupted these communities and the networks between them while recasting the pre-colonial African past in ‘tribal’ terms. This article discusses the archaeology of southern African Late Farming Communities. It discusses excavating pots and finding people, the complexity of Late Farmer Community group membership, archaeology beyond ‘tribes’, and the rise and fall of stonewalled towns and the making of colonial southern Africa.

Keywords: farmer community; archaeology; stonewalled towns; colonial southern Africa; agropastoralists

Article.  5535 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; African Archaeology

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