Article

Co-operatives and the Transformation of the German Energy Sector

Markus Hanisch

in The Oxford Handbook of Mutual, Co-Operative, and Co-Owned Business

Published in print March 2017 | ISBN: 9780199684977
Published online November 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780191803864 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199684977.013.22

Series: Oxford Handbooks

Co-operatives and the Transformation of the German Energy Sector

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Over the last decades, the discussion on climate change, together with catastrophic events in the power sector, has raised global interest for radical policy changes. Since the year 2000, Germany´s Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) has been a forerunner in triggering large-scale decentralized deployment of renewable energy. Although built on a relatively large social consensus, the consequences of the German ‘Energiewende’ have also raised conflicts between communities and investor-oriented project developers. This chapter reviews the increasing role of energy co-operatives as means to involve civil society, mitigate conflicts in planning, and distribute subsidies more evenly among a variety of often rural stakeholders.

Keywords: co-operatives; renewable energy; German Energiewende; civil society; conflict

Article.  4642 words. 

Subjects: Business History ; Business Strategy ; International Business

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