Article

Bronze Age Mongolia

Jean-Luc Houle


Published online July 2016 | | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935413.013.20

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This article discusses the Bronze Age in Mongolia, a period when pastoralism, mobility, and interaction between regional communities increased dramatically. It also corresponds to the heyday of monumental construction and to the development of societal complexity in this region. After briefly discussing the local Bronze Age chronology, the discussion then turns to the topic of the transition to animal husbandry and to the development of mobile, equestrian pastoralism in particular—a phenomenon that seems to have taken place during the Late Bronze Age. Following this, I examine the monumental landscape as well as what is known from “settlements” before discussing the nature of Late Bronze Age social organization and societal complexity. The article ends with a brief exposé on bronze metallurgy before highlighting what are thought to be the critical issues that continue to challenge research on the Bronze Age in the region.

Keywords: Mongolia; Bronze Age; pastoralism; horses; mobility; monuments; societal complexity

Article.  8371 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology by Region

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