Journal Article

Exploring the transition into practice of general paediatricians from a Canadian residency program

Melissa Chan and Michael A van Manen

in Paediatrics & Child Health

Published on behalf of Canadian Paediatric Society

Volume 23, issue 5 Published in print July 2018 | ISSN: 1205-7088
Published online January 2018 | e-ISSN: 1918-1485 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pch/pxx188
Exploring the transition into practice of general paediatricians from a Canadian residency program

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  • Neonatology
  • Primary Care
  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology

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Abstract

Background

Paediatric training programs are committed to graduating paediatricians able to function independently in professional practice. The focus of this study was to gain understanding of a training program’s strengths and deficiencies, while also exploring new methods to aid in transitioning trainees into practice.

Method

Using the CanMEDS framework, semi-structured focus groups were conducted with recently graduated paediatricians. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Results

Three focus groups were completed, including a total of nine participants. Key themes were identified pertaining to CanMEDS roles. Particular strengths were found in medical expert for managing acute illnesses, communicator for engaging in difficult conversations, and health advocate in responding to diverse patient populations. Relative deficits were recognized in collaborator for connecting patients with community services, leader related to practice development and management, and scholar for cultivating critical appraisal. Opportunities for training program growth included ensuring community exposures were timely and varied, engaging additional community preceptors in training and giving appropriate expectations and mentoring to trainees to develop as scholars.

Conclusions

Educators need to be mindful of the exposures that trainees receive in residency. New graduates may also ultimately benefit from mentorship in the community or ongoing contact with their past training program.

Keywords: Medical education; Paediatrics; Transition into practice

Journal Article.  3101 words. 

Subjects: Neonatology ; Primary Care ; Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology ; Developmental Psychology

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