Journal Article

Walking Aid Use in Canada: Prevalence and Demographic Characteristics Among Community-Dwelling Users

Caroline Charette, Krista L Best, Emma M Smith, William C Miller and François Routhier

in Physical Therapy

Published on behalf of American Physical Therapy Association

Volume 98, issue 7, pages 571-577
Published in print July 2018 | ISSN: 0031-9023
Published online March 2018 | e-ISSN: 1538-6724 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ptj/pzy038
Walking Aid Use in Canada: Prevalence and Demographic Characteristics Among Community-Dwelling Users

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  • Allied Health Professions
  • Physiotherapy
  • Occupational Medicine

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Abstract

Background

Mobility limitations represent the third most prevalent cause of disability, affecting more than 1.9 million community-dwelling Canadians. Walking aids are often prescribed to reduce the impacts of mobility impairments. There are limited data on walking aids since 2004.

Objective

The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of walking aid use in Canada and to explore demographic characteristics among users of walking aids.

Design

The design used was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional national survey.

Methods

Data were obtained from the 2012 Canadian Survey on Disability from community-dwelling individuals who were 15 years old or older, had a self-identified activity limitation, and indicated that they used at least 1 walking aid (cane/walking stick/crutches or walker). Prevalence estimates were calculated as weighted frequencies. Analytic variables included walking aid type, sex, age, province/territory of residence, and main cause of activity limitation.

Results

Approximately 1,125,000 community-dwelling individuals who were 15 years old or older used walking aids, representing 4.1% of the Canadian population. Of these individuals, 962,290 used canes/walking sticks/crutches, and 465,340 used a walker. Users of walking aids were predominantly female, with a mean age of 68 years.

Limitations

Self-reported results reflect only the perceptions of individuals living in Canadian communities. Analyses excluded individuals in residential or long-term care settings and individuals living on First Nations reserves.

Conclusions

Since 2004, there has been a 2% increase in the prevalence of walking aid use by the Canadian population, which is likely related to the aging of the population. The high prevalence of walking aid use highlights the need for better use of existing resources to ensure that individuals are receiving the correct devices. Results of this study suggest a need to evaluate the impact of device use to better understand how resources should be allocated for prescription and maintenance of walking aids and training of users.

Journal Article.  4694 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Allied Health Professions ; Physiotherapy ; Occupational Medicine

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