Journal Article

Exchange Rate Volatility, Financial Constraints, and Trade: Empirical Evidence from Chinese Firms

Jérôme Héricourt and Sandra Poncet

in The World Bank Economic Review

Published on behalf of World Bank

Volume 29, issue 3, pages 550-578
Published in print January 2015 | ISSN: 0258-6770
Published online October 2013 | e-ISSN: 1564-698X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/wber/lht035
Exchange Rate Volatility, Financial Constraints, and Trade: Empirical Evidence from Chinese Firms

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  • International Trade
  • Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behaviour
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In this paper, we study how firm-level export performance is affected by Real Exchange Rate (RER) volatility and investigate whether this effect depends on existing financial constraints. Our empirical analysis relies on export data for more than 100,000 Chinese exporters over the 2000–6 period. We confirm a trade-deterring effect of RER volatility. We find that firms' decision to begin exporting and the exported value decrease for destinations with a higher exchange rate volatility and that this effect is magnified for financially vulnerable firms. As expected, financial development seems to dampen this negative impact, especially on the intensive margin of export. These results provide micro-founded evidence suggesting that the existence of well-developed financial markets allows firms to hedge exchange rate risk. The results also support a key role of financial constraints in determining the macro impact of RER volatility on real outcomes.

Keywords: F14; F31; L25

Journal Article.  12388 words. 

Subjects: International Trade ; Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behaviour ; International Finance

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