Journal Article

Competitive Grants and the Funding of Agricultural Research in the United States

Kelly Day Rubenstein, Paul W. Heisey, Cassandra Klotz-Ingram and George B. Frisvold

in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

Published on behalf of Agricultural and Applied Economics Association

Volume 25, issue 2, pages 352-368
Published in print January 2003 | ISSN: 2040-5790
Published online January 2003 | e-ISSN: 2040-5804 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9353.00143
Competitive Grants and the Funding of Agricultural Research in the United States

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  • Technological Change; Research and Development
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Efforts to improve public agricultural research efficiency include calls to increase use of competitive grants. This paper empirically assesses different instruments the USDA uses to fund state-level research. Compared with other instruments, competitive grants focus more on basic research and are concentrated among fewer states. Model results suggest that top-ranked biology and agricultural science programs were strong determinants of states' shares of competitive grants. Other significant factors were agricultural sector size and number of agricultural scientists. USDA-funded state-level research focus did not change significantly because competitive grants comprised only 15% of these funds and other instruments counteracted their influence.

Keywords: O380; Q160; Q180

Journal Article.  6658 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Technological Change; Research and Development ; Agricultural Economics

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