Chapter

Assad must stand aside? The international community’s ambivalent response

Christopher Phillips

in The Battle for Syria

Published by Yale University Press

Published in print October 2016 | ISBN: 9780300217179
Published online May 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780300222173 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.12987/yale/9780300217179.003.0004
Assad must stand aside? The international community’s ambivalent response

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This chapter examines the positions of the main political actors over the course of May–August 2011. It charts how loose stances on Assad evolved into two camps for and against him, with Turkey's sudden turn on its former ally particularly profiled. With the violence escalating, patience with Assad quickly expired. Over two crucial months, July–August 2011, Assad's allies Qatar and Turkey abandoned him, and several western states, led by Barack Obama, called for him to stand aside. Similarly, in what would prove a key dividing line for the coming civil war, Russia and Iran stood by Assad. While moral considerations may have justified these policymakers' stances, a range of factors, including domestic concerns, personal opinion, ideology, and regional ambition, actually drove their actions.

Keywords: Bashar al-Assad; Turkey; Qatar; Barack Obama; western states; Russia; Iran; Syrian civil war

Chapter.  10491 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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