Chapter

History and Progress of Meta-analysis

Joseph Lau, Hannah R. Rothstein and Gavin B. Stewart

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published by Princeton University Press

Published in print April 2013 | ISBN: 9780691137285
Published online October 2017 | e-ISBN: 9781400846184
History and Progress of Meta-analysis

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Meta-analysis was first introduced in medicine and the social sciences, and was used extensively in these fields decades earlier than in ecology and evolutionary biology. This chapter reviews the development of meta-analysis in medicine and the social sciences in order to illustrate its background and compare its application in these fields to those in ecology and evolution. Here, “medicine” refers to all aspects of health care and the biomedical sciences, including the diagnosis and treatment of individual patients, public health policy, health care financing and decision making, and basic and clinical biomedical research. Social science, as defined in this chapter, covers a variety of disciplines, including social, clinical, and organizational psychology, education, social welfare, criminology, business management, and economics. It encompasses both basic and applied research, and may focus on theory formulation and testing, or on informing policy or practice.

Keywords: meta-analysis; medicine; social sciences; ecology; evolutionary biology

Chapter.  6219 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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