Contributions of Meta-analysis to Conservation and Management

Isabelle M. Côté and Gavin B. Stewart

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published by Princeton University Press

Published in print April 2013 | ISBN: 9780691137285
Published online October 2017 | e-ISBN: 9781400846184
Contributions of Meta-analysis to Conservation and Management

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This chapter looks back through the relatively short history of meta-analyses and systematic reviews of conservation interest and highlights four areas to which these methods have contributed significantly. These include challenging conventional wisdom, measuring effectiveness of management interventions, replacing large-scale monitoring with small-scale surveys, and identifying gaps in knowledge. The chapter shows that meta-analyses and systematic reviews have contributed to answering a number of important applied questions. However, although these answers often have clear implications for conservation policy and legislation, they currently remain the focus of primarily academic interest. Given a little more time, evidence bases that are collated using systematic reviews, particularly in association with meta-analysis, are expected to increasingly influence decision making in the environmental sector, just as they have in medical fields.

Keywords: meta-analysis; systematic reviews; conservation; conventional wisdom; management intervention; small-scale surveys; large-scale monitoring; knowledge gaps

Chapter.  3175 words. 

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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