Journal Article

Immunomodular effect of fusion gene DNA vaccine of avian metapneumoviruses

Hanafy M. Madbouly, Sabry M. Tamam, Ahmed S. Hussein, Wessam Mady and Abdel-Satar Arafa

in The Journal of Applied Poultry Research

Volume 23, issue 3, pages 478-485
Published in print September 2014 | ISSN: 1056-6171
Published online August 2014 | e-ISSN: 1537-0437 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.3382/japr.2014-00963
Immunomodular effect of fusion gene DNA vaccine of avian metapneumoviruses

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  • Zoology and Animal Sciences
  • Animal Pathology and Diseases
  • Animal Physiology
  • Ornithology
  • Veterinary Medicine

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The objective of this work was to develop and evaluate the immunomodular effect of a DNA vaccine based on the fusion (F) gene of avian metapneumoviruses (aMPV) and to study its protection against field virus challenge, as this will help to better control the disease in turkeys. In this study, the F protein of the Egyptian isolate (Giza-turkey rhinotracheitis-4) of the B-subtype of aMPV isolated in 2009 was expressed from a DNA plasmid in Vero cells. After 1 i.m. injection of turkey poults with this plasmid, the antibody response was detected by ELISA. The turkey poults inoculated with locally prepared DNA aMPV vaccine had highly significant phagocytic activity, as measured by phagocytic percent and index of macrophage activation, in comparison to those inoculated with inactivated and live attenuated vaccines and with the noninfected control group. Intratracheal challenge of turkey poults at 21 d postvaccination by a dose of 100 uL of field Egyptian Giza-turkey rhinotracheitis-4 virus of a titer 6 log10 tissue culture infective dose 50 resulted in 100% protection in poults that received locally prepared DNA aMPV vaccine, whereas those that received commercial aMPV vaccines experienced 80 and 90% protection; typical clinical signs of aMPV infection were seen in control nonvaccinated poults. Therefore, a high success rate was noted when using F gene DNA plasmid vaccine by the induction of a potent immunomodular effect for both cell-mediated and humoral immune response. The use of the F gene DNA plasmid vaccine developed in this study provided 100% protection in vaccinated poults, which can help in controlling aMPV infections in turkeys.

Keywords: fusion gene; avian metapneumovirus; DNA vaccine; phagocytic activity; protection efficacy

Journal Article.  3608 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences ; Animal Pathology and Diseases ; Animal Physiology ; Ornithology ; Veterinary Medicine

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