Chapter

The Aftermath of Soto, ca. 1541–1650

Robbie Ethridge

in From Chicaza to Chickasaw

Published by University of North Carolina Press

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780807834350
Published online July 2014 | e-ISBN: 9781469603742
The Aftermath of Soto, ca. 1541–1650

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This chapter shows how most scholars agree that the military losses at the hands of the early explorers and the destabilization of Native chiefdoms had a profound effect on many Mississippian polities. Soto and his men came as a conquering army, and the intense combat of a direct military assault by the Spanish may have precipitated the collapse of some chiefdoms. This was probably the case at the chiefdoms of Napituca in northern Florida, Anlico in Arkansas, and Tascalusa in Alabama. Unlike these battles, Indian casualties at the battles of Chicaza and Alimamu seem to have been low. Therefore, it is unlikely that Spanish conflicts with Chicaza and Alimamu alone could account for the fall of these chiefdoms.

Keywords: military losses; early explorers; Native chiefdoms; Mississippian polities; Soto

Chapter.  10704 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Native American History

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