Chapter

Black Codes and Bondage, Settling the North, Legislative Follies

Frank Cicero

in Creating the Land of Lincoln

Published by University of Illinois Press

Published in print March 2018 | ISBN: 9780252041679
Published online September 2018 | e-ISBN: 9780252050343 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.003.0004
Black Codes and Bondage, Settling the North, Legislative Follies

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Chapter 3 covers the years in which the Illinois state capital moved from Kaskaskia to Vandalia to Springfield, focusing on legislative and judicial debates surrounding the Black Code, which limited the rights of free blacks, and the euphemistic practices of indentured/involuntary servitude and apprenticeship contracts. As antislavery populations surged in northern Illinois, political and legal opinions about blacks shifted. The 1832 Black Hawk War, a land dispute involving the Sauk and Fox, led to the 1833 treaty that removed Native Americans from the state. The Illinois General Assembly, including in 1836–37 representatives Stephen Douglas and Abraham Lincoln, chartered state banks that failed; set up internal improvement schemes that indebted the state; and ultimately supported completion of the Illinois and Michigan Canal (1848).

Keywords: Black Code; Black Hawk War; Stephen Douglas; Illinois—internal improvements; Illinois and Michigan Canal; Illinois General Assembly; indentured servitude; Abraham Lincoln; Springfield, Illinois; Vandalia, Illinois

Chapter.  15231 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political History

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