Citizenship and Subnational and Transnational Identities

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Politics in Central America

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780813036632
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038834 | DOI:
Citizenship and Subnational and Transnational Identities

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Complementing the analysis, this chapter looks at the parameters of inclusion and exclusion predicated by the states in the region toward internal groups, both localized and particularly those with transnational links such as the Miskitu or the Garinagu. The crux of citizenship is the interaction of membership, public recognition, and politics. The character of such interaction varies according to the contextual and varied forms in which individuals and groups have connected to states and nations. The cultural program embedded in citizenship has had political implications, reflected in the official recognition or denial of recognition of political, civil, socioeconomic, and cultural rights to different groups. In other words, citizenship was channeled through the construction of a national identity, subordinating or even neglecting some of the subnational identities (today we would call them subaltern), especially those that could potentially acquire transnational projection.

Keywords: Miskitu; Garinagu; citizenship; membership; public recognition; politics

Chapter.  8205 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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