Chapter

Imposing Urban Order

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

in Architecture since 1400

Published by University of Minnesota Press

Published in print January 2014 | ISBN: 9780816673964
Published online August 2015 | e-ISBN: 9781452946047 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.003.0024
Imposing Urban Order

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This chapter discusses modernism’s limited impact on architecture in the first half of the twentieth century. The modern movement all but collapsed in the countries that originally nurtured it in the wake of the Great Depression. It flourished only on the margins of Europe in cities such as Budapest, Bucharest, Helsinki, Tel Aviv, and Ankara, where various clients sought to demonstrate their modernity by belatedly adopting what was then a slightly dated formula. The story of city planning during the first four decades of the twentieth century illustrates some of the reasons for modernism’s limited appeal. City planning was a new profession and to be successful, planners needed far more political authority than had ever been accorded to architects. The acquisition of that power depended on their ability to adapt forms that would be viewed sympathetically by political elites, thus making them hesitant to embrace avant-garde solutions.

Keywords: modern architecture; modern movement; modernism; city planning; urban planning

Chapter.  4825 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Architecture

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