The Federal Executive: Bureaucratic Fusion versus Governmental Bifurcation

Klaus H. Goetz

in Germany, Europe, and the Politics of Constraint

Published by British Academy

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780197262955
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734465 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

The Federal Executive: Bureaucratic Fusion versus Governmental Bifurcation

Available in

» abstract

Buy this work at

British Academy »

More Options

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


Show Summary Details


The federal ministerial executive is a dual institution, which combines the attributes of a government and an administration. This chapter investigates how European integration has affected this dual nature. It suggests that these two qualities of the executive have been affected in a differential way. On the administrative side, progressive integration has, indeed, been associated with growing ‘multi-level fusion’, through which the ministerial administration becomes part of a closely interconnected multi-level system. By contrast, the governmental dimension of the executive is characterized by growing bifurcation. Government takes place at two levels – the European and the domestic – but institutional linkage between the two levels is limited and some of the defining features of German government, notably the defining tenets of party government, coalition government, and parliamentary government, show few signs of Europeanization.

Keywords: federal ministerial executive; dual institution; European integration; executive; ministerial administration; German government; Europeanization

Chapter.  7010 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at British Academy »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or purchase to access all content.