Chapter

Antecedents: The Viceroyalty of Peru Prior to 1750

in Bourbon Peru 1750-1824

Published by Liverpool University Press

Published in print September 2003 | ISBN: 9780853239086
Published online June 2013 | e-ISBN: 9781846312687 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.5949/liverpool/9780853239086.003.0002
Antecedents: The Viceroyalty of Peru Prior to 1750

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This chapter provides an overview of the viceroyalty of Peru in the period 1700–1750, focusing upon the more coherent reform programmes of the second half of the eighteenth century and their impact upon Peru. It examines developments in the government, finances, economy, and defence of the viceroyalty and shows that the advent of the new dynasty in 1700 had a negligible impact, if any, upon the viceroyalty until the viceregency of Marqués de Castelfuerte. In addition, the chapter considers how the subsequent viceregency of José Antonio Mendoza mirrored the unwillingness in both Spain and Peru to implement structural changes through to their logical conclusions. It also analyses the Marqués de Ensenada's primacy in Madrid and the viceroyalty of José Antonio Manso de Velasco, Conde de Superunda; the War of the Spanish Succession (1702–1713) between Britain and a united France and Spain; and Peru's trade with Spain.

Keywords: Spain; Peru; viceroyalty; government; finances; economy; defence; trade; Marqués de Castelfuerte; Spanish Succession

Chapter.  9368 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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