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The First World War and the transformation of neurology

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists

Published by Manchester University Press

Published in print June 2014 | ISBN: 9780719091926
Published online September 2014 | e-ISBN: 9781781706992 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0003
The First World War and the transformation of neurology

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World War I marked a moment of social transformation in British medical culture and was thus an extraordinary period of change for clinical neurology in Britain. Before the war the British medical world was avowedly generalist; after the war that medical world embraced specialisation. It was the conditions of the First World War that stimulated these changes, and for neurology, as neurologist Edwin Bramwell observed, ‘the Great War constitute[d] a convenient if arbitrary dividing-line between the present and the past.’ How it did is a story of head-injuries, shell shock, pacifism, and the emergence of medical modernity in Britain.

Keywords: Shell Shock; Head, Henry; Holmes, Gordon; Brain, Walter Russell; Pacifism; Neurologists; Head injuries; History of Psychiatry; History of Neurology; Medical generalism

Chapter.  14666 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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