Chapter

Quantification and Pronominal Anaphora

Mark Steedman

in Taking Scope

Published by The MIT Press

Published in print November 2011 | ISBN: 9780262017077
Published online August 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780262301404 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262017077.003.0007
Quantification and Pronominal Anaphora

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Type raising, a rule of the Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) lexicon, is the operation used by Richard Montague in 1973 in semantics to treat quantification in natural language and capture the phenomena of quantifier-scope illustrated by the sentence “Somebody loves everybody.” In this tradition, it is standard to translate expressions such as “every farmer” and “some donkey” into “generalized quantifiers.” This chapter discusses quantification and pronominal anaphora, explains how generalized quantifiers can be incorporated naturally into the semantics of CG determiners, and describes a category schema that makes generalized quantifiers function from nouns to type-raised noun phrases. It also discusses universal determiners and indefinite determiners, Skolem terms, definites, pronouns, and bound-variable anaphora.

Keywords: anaphora; Combinatory Categorial Grammar; quantification; quantifier-scope; generalized quantifiers; determiners; noun phrases; Skolem terms; definites; pronouns

Chapter.  5638 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Semantics

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