Pigs: The Bodenständig Scientific Community in Nazi Germany

Tiago Saraiva

in Fascist Pigs

Published by The MIT Press

Published in print October 2016 | ISBN: 9780262035033
Published online May 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780262335706 | DOI:
Pigs: The Bodenständig Scientific Community in Nazi Germany

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Chapter four explores the development by academic animal breeders of performance tests enabling the transformation of pigs into organisms embodying fascism. Standards developed at the University of Halle by Gustav Frölich and at Gottingen by Jonas Schmidt assured that pigs were fat and rooted in the soil (bodenständig) contributing to the institutionalization of the Nazi regime: Germans were now feeding their animals produce of the national soil, making the country more resilient in case of war, and following the standards imposed by a new bureaucratic structure. Contrary to many historical references of animals and humans in Nazi times, pigs were not just metaphors calling for comparisons between the way they were bred and the Nazi breeding of humans. It was the particular way they were bred, making them bodenständig,which formed the new ties weaving the German Volk. The animals scientists designed were intended to perform the transition of German society into a national community, embodying Nazi alternative modernity.

Keywords: Pigs; Animal breeding; University of Halle; Gustav Frölich; Richard Walther Darré; Jonas Schmidt; Rootedness in the Soil (Bodenständigkeit); Animal Performance Tests

Chapter.  11979 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political History

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