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bay

Overview page. Subjects: International Law.

A well-defined indentation along a state's coastline. In certain circumstances, international law permits a straight baseline (a closing line) to be drawn across the mouth of the bay....

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closing line

Overview page. Subjects: International Law.

The baseline for measuring the territorial sea (and other maritime zones) across the mouth of a bay is referred to as a closing line. The U.N. Convention on the Law ...

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continental shelf

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Science and Mathematics.

Comprises the seabed and subsoil extending beyond the territorial sea to the outer edge of the continental margin, or to 200 nautical miles from the territorial sea baseline where the ...

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drying rocks, shoals

Overview page. Subjects: International Law.

These terms were used by the International Law Commission in its draft articles and commentary on the baselines of the territorial sea ([1956] 1 I.L.C. Yearbook 195 and 283), but ...

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exclusive economic zone

Overview page. Subjects: International Law.

(EEZ)

A zone defined by Articles 55–75 of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea as comprising that area of sea adjacent to a coastal state not exceeding 200 miles from the...

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internal waters

Overview page. Subjects: International Law.

All rivers, canals, lakes (excluding international ones), and landlocked seas, the waters of ports, bays, and roadsteads, and the waters on the landward side of the baseline of the...

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lighthouse

Overview page. Subjects: History.

N. a tower or other structure containing a beacon light to warn or guide ships at sea.

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low-water line

Overview page. Subjects: International Law.

Art. 5 of the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 (1833 U.N.T.S. 3) provides that ‘the normal baseline for measuring the breadth of the ...

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straight baselines

Overview page. Subjects: International Law.

In drawing baselines for the territorial sea, art. 7(1) of the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 (1833 U.N.T.S. 3) provides that ‘[i]n localities ...

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territorial sea

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History.

A zone of the high seas adjacent to each coastal state, that is generally either 5.6 or 22 kilometres wide, was established by the Convention on the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone, and...

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territorial waters

Overview page. Subjects: Law.

The band of sea between the limit of the internal waters of a state (see baseline) and the high seas, over which the state has certain specified rights. These rights are governed by a 1958...

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