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personality

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organic

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Medicine and Health.

(or-gan-ik)

1 relating to any or all of the organs of the body. o. disorder a disorder associated with changes in the structure of an organ or tissue. Compare...

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organismic theories of personality

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Clinically-orientated theories that view personality as being shaped by the overall field of forces acting on individuals, and posit self-change or growth as central features.

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other-directedness

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

A term coined by David Riesman (The Lonely Crowd, 1950), referring to a personality type which seeks approval and acceptance from others—as opposed to inner-directedness, acting...

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paranoia

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Psychology.

n. 1. a mental illness or a symptom of a mental illness characterized by delusions, sometimes organized into a system. Antipsychotic medication is often beneficial. null...

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paranoid personality disorder

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A personality disorder characterized by paranoid ideation, indicated by such signs and symptoms as unwarranted suspicion of being exploited, harmed or plotted against; unjustified doubts...

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passive-aggressive personality disorder

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A personality disorder (not included in the DSM-IV classification) characterized by a pervasive pattern of negativism (1), with passive resistance, complaints of being misunderstood,...

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path-goal leadership model

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Business and Management.

A theory of leadership suggesting that a leader needs to influence followers' perceptions of work goals, self-development goals, and paths to goal attainment. A leader will be successful to...

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patrist

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A person whose personality is modelled on or strongly influenced by his or her father. Compare matrist. [From Latin pater, patris a father + -ista, -istes indicating a person who performs...

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Personal Data Sheet

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

The first personality questionnaire of significance ever devised, and the first to be administered to large numbers of respondents, designed to measure maladjustment or neurosis, described...

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personality development

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

An area of sport psychology that includes the study of the genetics and environmental processes that influence personality.

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personality structure

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The basic psychological components or traits of an individual's personality and how they combine together to produce that individual's particular behavioural tendencies in certain...

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physiognomy

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Science and Mathematics.

1. The physical appearance of one's face.

2. The assessment of someone's character or personality from their face and other external bodily features.

null...

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projective test

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

Any of a variety of personality tests in which the respondent gives free responses to a series of stimuli such as inkblots, pictures, or incomplete sentences. Such tests are based loosely...

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psychodynamic theory

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Religion.

A major theoretical approach to the study of personality based mainly on in-depth examination of the whole person and his or her unconscious motives. The most influential proponent was...

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pubic wigs

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

The pubic wig, or merkin, as it was earlier known, made its debut in 1450. It was used as a device to cover syphilitic pustules and gonorrhoeal warts in the ...

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Ralph Linton

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences.

(1893–1953)

An American cultural anthropologist who undertook fieldwork on the Polynesians. Later, he attempted to develop a systematic cultural science, focusing especially on the...

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rating

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Psychology.

A work measurement technique for adjusting data from a series of time studies against a common level of performance, corresponding to standard performance.

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replication

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

Repeating a study, in exactly the same format, to check whether the same results are obtained a second or subsequent time (usually by a different researcher). One variation is simultaneous...

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rhathymia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A personality trait discovered through factor analysis, associated with light-heartedness and freedom from worry; hence, the state or condition of being optimistic and carefree. The term...

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Rorschach test

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Psychology.

A test to measure aspects of personality, consisting of ten inkblots, half of which are in various colours and the other half in black and white. The responses to the different inkblots are...

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