Overview

personality

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scales

Overview page. Subjects: Social Work — Sociology.

A form of measurement technique based on the observation of supposed common cultural meanings or shared social interpretations. One common sociological use of this technique is the attempt...

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self-actualization

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The drive people have to realize their potential and to find fulfilment. Self-actualization encompasses the human need for challenge, responsibility, creativity, and variety at work,...

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Sheldon's constitutional psychology

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A theory, especially that of the US psychologist William H. Sheldon (1899–1977), postulating that personality is dependent on physique or somatotype. See ectomorph, endomorph, mesomorph....

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situationist critique

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A critique of the concept of personality, initiated by the Austrian-born US psychologist Walter Mischel (born 1930) in his book Personality and Assessment (1968), based on evidence...

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sleep deprivation

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A disruption and reduction in the number of hours of sleep normally needed by a person. There is no standard or minimum number of hours per night regarded as necessary for everyone....

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somatotonic trait

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A personality type that, according to Sheldon's constitutional theory, has a strong correspondence with the mesomorph somatotype. Somatotonics are regarded as bold, competitive,...

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sport personology

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The study of the personality of individuals involved in sport. The study often includes three dimensions of personality: personality structure, personality dynamics, and personality...

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stable

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A personality trait applied to someone tending towards the calm, even-tempered, and controlled end of the neuroticism-stability continuum. Compare neurotic.

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stuttering

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Medicine and Health.

A communication disorder characterized by disturbed fluency and rhythm of speech, involving repetitions of sounds or syllables, prolongations, interjections, broken words, filled or...

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temperament

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Medicine and Health.

Character or personality; the characteristic mode of behaviour or reaction of a person or an animal; originally character or personality determined by the particular mixture of the four...

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temperament theory

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A popular typology of personality, based on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, focusing on four basic temperaments rather than the standard 16, namely SJ (sensing judges or guardians), SP...

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thematic apperception test

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A personality test in which the subject is encouraged to make up an oral or written story about a particular picture presented to him or her.

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trait

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A characteristic or quality distinguishing a person or (less commonly) a thing, especially a more or less consistent pattern of behaviour that a person possessing the characteristic would...

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trait perspective

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A view of personality that suggests that personality traits are relatively enduring qualities, which can be used to predict an individual's behaviour in a variety of situations.

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trait theory of leadership

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The theory that successful leaders have certain personality characteristics or leadership traits that make it possible for them to be successful leaders in any situation. This theory is...

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transactional analysis

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

A theory of personality and a form of psychotherapy, originated by the Canadian-born psychoanalyst Eric Berne (1910–70), aimed primarily at improving interpersonal relations by adjusting...

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typical response

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The manner in which a person usually responds to particular environmental situations. Typical responses, when distinguished from play-acting, may be valid indicators of the psychological...

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Wilhelm Reich

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies — Social Sciences.

(1897–1957)

Austrian*psychoanalyst whose combination of Marxism and psychoanalysis influenced a generation of political activists and writers in Europe and the US. In later life,...

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