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Paediatrics x Anaesthetics x clear all

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Anesthesia for MRI

Mohamed A Mahmoud and John J McAuliffe.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2368 words.

Choosing an appropriate anesthetic or sedative technique for children undergoing diagnostic procedures can be a challenge. Children presenting for MRI may have significant coexisting...

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Apgar, Virginia

Jacalyn Duffin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 1036 words.

Apgar, Virginia (07 June 1909–07 August 1974), physician, anesthesiologist, and teratologist, was born in Westfield, New Jersey, the daughter of Charles Emory Apgar, an insurance executive,...

Assessing Patient State and Efficacy

Joseph P. Cravero.

in The Pediatric Procedural Sedation Handbook

October 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics; Critical Care. 1465 words.

Pediatric procedural sedation is required for a wide variety of interventions ranging from nonstimulating imaging procedures to painful minor surgeries and other tests. The measurement of...

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Asthmatic for Adenotonsillectomy

Eugene Neo.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2495 words.

Asthma affects up to 20% of children in some countries, although many children have only mild asthma and require only intermittent treatment. Acute exacerbations of asthma usually result...

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Autonomic Failure

Edited by Christopher J. Mathias and Sir Roger Bannister.

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Neurology; Anatomy; Urology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Gastroenterology; Nephrology; Pain Medicine; Cardiovascular Medicine; Ophthalmology; Reproductive Medicine; Immunology; Endocrinology and Diabetes; Paediatrics; Geriatric Medicine; Anaesthetics; Pharmacology; Medical Toxicology; Surgery. 928 pages.

This new edition of Autonomic Failure features numerous new chapters and makes diagnosis increasingly precise by fully evaluating the underlying anatomical and functional deficits, thereby...

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Awareness and Recall During Anesthesia

Andrew Davidson.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2315 words.

Awareness is being able to freely recall an event that occurred during a general anesthetic. The phenomenon is well described in adults but, until recently, was poorly described in...

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Bacterial Tracheitis Versus Epiglottitis

Junzheng Wu and C. Dean Kurth.

in Clinical Pediatric Anesthesia

April 2012; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics. 2404 words.

Both acute epiglottitis and bacterial tracheitis can cause severe airway obstruction, respiratory distress, and sudden respiratory arrest in young children. The early and prompt...

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Behavioural measures of pain

Jill MacLaren Chorney and C. Meghan McMurtry.

in Oxford Textbook of Paediatric Pain

November 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics; Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Pain Medicine. 10458 words.

This chapter reviews the current state of evidence on behavioural measures of pain in children and adolescents including a brief discussion of future directions. To demonstrate the utility...

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Biomarkers of pain: physiological indices of pain reactivity in infants and children

Susanne Brummelte, Tim F. Oberlander and Kenneth D. Craig.

in Oxford Textbook of Paediatric Pain

November 2013; p ublished online November 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics; Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Pain Medicine. 9079 words.

Biomarkers are common in all areas of clinical work, health research, and are critical indicators of diseases and physiological states. Preferably, a biomarker should be non-invasively...

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Botox Injections for Spasticity and Sialorrhea

Christina Mannix.

in The Pediatric Procedural Sedation Handbook

October 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Paediatrics; Critical Care. 813 words.

In patients with cerebral palsy, injections of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) into muscle groups to reduce spasticity may decrease spasmodic pain and improve movement by increasing range of...

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