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Abdullah II

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.

(1962– )

King of Jordan (1999– ). The eldest son of King Hussein by his second wife, Abdullah was named as heir in place of his uncle (Prince Hassan) in the last days of his...

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Abel Tendekayi Muzorewa

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 14 Apr. 1925; d. 8 Apr. 2010).

Prime Minister of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia 1979. Born in Old Umtali, he was ordained in 1963, and in 1968 became a bishop in the United Methodist...

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Abkhazia

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

A Caucasian territory which was part of the Soviet Union as an Autonomous Soviet Republic within Georgia. In April 1991 it became part of the independent Republic of Georgia, against the...

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Achille Starace

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 1889, d. 28 Apr. 1945).

Italian Fascist One of the earliest Italian Fascists, he led the Fascist movement in Trentino. He was Secretary of the National Fascist Party 1931–9....

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Achmad Sukarno

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 6 June 1901, d. 21 June 1970).

President of Indonesia 1949–68 Born in Surabaya, Sukarno studied engineering in Bandung, where he became involved in the foundation of the Partai...

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Adnan Menderes

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 1899, d. 17 Sept. 1961).

Prime Minister of Turkey 1950–60 Born in Aydin (Izmir), he practised as a lawyer until 1932, when he became a representative for the Republican...

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Adolf Eichmann

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1906–1962)

German Nazi leader responsible for carrying out Hitler's final solution to the Jewish problem.

Born in Solingen in the Rhineland, Eichmann grew up in Linz. He...

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Adolfo Suárez González

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 25 Sept. 1932).

Prime Minister of Spain 1976–81 Born in Cebreros (Avila), he received a doctorate degree in law from the University of Madrid, and rose quickly in the...

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Adulyadej Bhumibol

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 5 Dec. 1927).

King (Rama IX) of Thailand 1946–  Born in Massachusetts, where his father, Prince Mahidol of Songkhla, studied medicine, he succeeded his brother, Ananda Mahidol,...

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Afrikaner

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — African Studies.

A term originally used to describe a person born in South Africa rather than Europe; in the twentieth century it was used to denote a White person whose first language was Afrikaans....

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