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Charles Wright Mills

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Philosophy.

(1916–62)

An influential US sociologist whose work on the nature of the class system and on the influence of the power elite in society countered the functionalist consensus of...

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cheating

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Philosophy.

In the paradigm case, involves intentionally violating the rules of a game in order to achieve its built-in goal, but the violation cannot be incorporated into the game. It is ...

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Clarence Edwin Ayres

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Philosophy.

(1891–1972)

Clarence E. Ayres was born on 6 May 1891 in Lowell, Massachusetts. After graduation from Brown University with his BA in 1912, he began graduate work at Harvard, but ...

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common good

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Politics.

Especially in Thomistic and Neo-Thomistic ethics, the common good is the common goal of all those who promote justice in a community, the common source of fulfilment of those who share in...

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dichotomy

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Sociology.

Any variable which has only two categories. In theory these categories are meant to be mutually exclusive. The variable ‘sex’, with its two categories of ‘male’ and ‘female’, is a good...

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Emily Greene Balch

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Social Sciences.

(1867–1961)

Balch was an American sociologist who pioneered the concept of role and the use of statistical techniques in sociology. She carried out important comparative analyses...

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Eric Voegelin

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Philosophy.

(1901–85)

Prolific and abstruse conservative political theorist; factors which have won him a committed following in the United States. He was born in Germany, and as a lecturer at...

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Ernest Gellner

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Philosophy.

(1925–95)

Although Gellner was born in Czechoslovakia, his family (who had Jewish origins) left immediately after the German occupation in 1939, and he spent most of his working...

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essentially contested concepts

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Politics.

The idea promoted by W. B. Gallie that some concepts admit of no one authoritative definition, because they are essentially the focus of different accounts, especially different moral...

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fairness

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Economics.

The perception that an allocation treats all economic agents fairly. A method of testing for fairness is the no-envy criterion: an allocation satisfies no-envy if there is no economic agent...

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