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Prehistoric Art x clear all

Altyn Tepe

V. M. Masson.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art. 470 words.

[Altyn-Depe]

Site of Neolithic and Bronze Age activity near Mian, 150 km south-east of Ashkhabad, in southern Turkmenistan. The site of 25 ha, surrounded by a further tract (w....

Amarna style

Ian M. E. Shaw.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; Sculpture and Carving; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 212 words.

Ancient Egyptian art style that takes its name from Amarna, (Tell) el-, the site of the capital city during the reigns of Akhenaten (reg c. 1353–c. 1336 bc) and Smenkhkare (null...

Amarna, (Tell) el-

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1149 words.

[anc. Akhetaten]

Site of an Egyptian city of the mid-14th century bc, on the eastern bank of the Nile, c. 90 km north of Asyut. The site, which has given its name to the Amarna...

Amenhotpe, son of Hapu

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 408 words.

(b Athribis, nr Benha, c. 1440 bc; d c. 1350 bc).

Ancient Egyptian architect and patron. Amenhotpe rose to prominence in his home town during the reign of...

Amenophis III

Ian M. E. Shaw.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 947 words.

[Nebmaatre]

(reg c. 1391–c. 1353 bc). Egyptian ruler and patron. He reigned in the late 18th Dynasty (c. 1540–c. 1292 bc), a time of great national peace and...

Amlash region

E. Haerinck.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 428 words.

Area in the province of Gilan in northern Iran that has given its name to a series of ancient objects. Since the 1950s the area around the village of Amlash has served as a local market...

Ammenemes III

Claude Vandersleyen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 419 words.

[Amenemhet III; Nymaatre]

Egyptian ruler. Both architecture and sculpture have survived from his reign in the 12th Dynasty (for chronological chart of Egyptian kings see Egypt,...

Amnisos

D. Evely.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Greek and Roman Art; Prehistoric Art. 823 words.

Minoan site in northern Crete, inhabited c. 3500–c. 1000 bc. The settlement, a harbour town known as a-mi-ni-so in the Linear B tablets, is 8 km east of Herakleion; it fronts a shallow...

Amorgos

R. L. N. Barber.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Greek and Roman Art; Prehistoric Art. 453 words.

Greek island at the south-east extremity of the Aegean Cyclades. Survey work in the 1980s increased the number of known sites of all periods on the island. Most of the Bronze Age finds...

Amorite

Giorgio Buccellati.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 471 words.

[Sum. Martu; Akkad. Amurru; Heb. Amori]

Name given to ethnic and political social groups in the Ancient Near East. In its ethnic connotation the term Amorite was used originally...

Amuk region

R. T. H. Dornemann.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Greek and Roman Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 898 words.

[‛Amq; Plain of Antioch]

Area in Turkey covered by a rich agricultural plain, watered by the Orontes, Afrin and Kara Su rivers, in a strategic location for routes connecting...

Anatolia, ancient

Dominique Collon, Donald F. Easton, Jeanny Vorys Canby, J. D. Hawkins, K. Aslihan Yener, Oscar White Muscarella and A. Nunn.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400). 16772 words.

Region roughly equivalent to the modern state of Turkey. The name Anatolia was first used by Byzantine writers in the 10th century ad, as an alternative to Asia Minor, and is now often...

Ancient Near East

Dominique Collon, J. D. Hawkins, Beatrice Teissier, D. Barag, G. Herrmann, Jack Ogden, Annie Caubet, Joan Allgrove McDowell, Michael Roaf, Vesta Sarḳhosh Curtis, Ian Carradice, G. D. Summers, Seton Lloyd and Geoffrey Turner.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 42561 words.

Area of the ancient world that extends from Turkey in the west to Iran in the east (see fig.). Although the term Near East is often synonymous with Middle East, the adjective ‘ancient’...

Anghelu Ruju

David Trump.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art. 506 words.

Group of 35 tombs cut in a sandstone bluff overlooking the Filibertu River, 10 km north of Alghero, Sardinia. The village to which they belonged has not been located, but the tombs,...

Angles-sur-l’Anglin

Paul G. Bahn.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art. 495 words.

[Roc aux Sorciers]

Site in Vienne, France. It is important for its rock art of the Late Upper Palaeolithic period (c. 20,000–c. 10,000 bp; see also Prehistoric Europe, §II, 1)....

Antequera

Clay Mathers.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art. 435 words.

District of Málaga, Spain, best known for its megalithic communal tombs of the later 4th millennium and the 3rd millennium bc. Located 2 km east of the town of Antequera and 70 m apart...

Antiparos

R. L. N. Barber.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Greek and Roman Art; Prehistoric Art. 269 words.

[Andiparos; anc. Oliaros]

Small Greek island just to the south-west of Paros, in the Aegean Cyclades. It is the site of a number of finds from the Greek Bronze Age (c. 3600–c. 1...

Anyang

Robert W. Bagley.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 1237 words.

[An-yang]

Chinese city in Henan Province, near the site of the last capital of the Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, occupied c.1300– c. 1050 bc. The site is sometimes called Yinxu,...

Aqar Quf

Seton Lloyd.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 505 words.

[Arab. ‛Aqarqūf; anc. Dur Kurigalzu]

. Site in Iraq of the ancient capital city of the Kassites, which flourished c. 1400–1157 bc (see also Mesopotamia, §I, 2). The ruins of...

Arabia, pre-Islamic

D. T. Potts, J. Schmidt, Paolo M. Costa and Alessandro De Maigret.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Prehistoric Art; Religious Art; Islamic Art. 26436 words.

Region in which diverse cultures and civilizations flourished from c. 4500 bc to the rise of Islam in the early 7th century ac. Throughout history the term Arabia has varied according to...