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Advanced Education

Richard Archer.

in Jim Crow North

December 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas; Political History. 7348 words.

People of European descent and of African descent who struggled for equal rights agreed that education, including higher education, was essential for black advancement. When white reformers...

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The Advent of Crisis

Richard Bourke.

in Empire and Revolution

May 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political History. 27152 words.

This chapter details Burke's political life from 1785 to 1790. Burke's support for a range of causes won an audience in the Commons from the middle of the decade: principally, opposition to...

Go to Princeton University Press »  abstract

The Advent of the People’s Court

Yoram Meital.

in Revolutionary Justice

December 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History; Political History. 13135 words.

This chapter examines the circumstances surrounding the establishment of the People’s Court and its exceptional powers. The RCC saw the tribunal as a mean to promote much broader objectives...

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Africa or the East?

Willeke Sandler.

in Empire in the Heimat

November 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Political History. 10862 words.

During the Second World War, the Nazi pursuit of race war and empire in Eastern Europe put colonialists under greater pressure to justify their African focus. While Africa remained a future...

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African American Healthcare

Marcus L. Martin, Audrey E. Snyder, Jamela M. Martin, Taj’ullah Sky Lark, Hannah Firdyiwek and Leslie Walker.

in Dream and Legacy

June 2017; p ublished online May 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political History. 8135 words.

In Dr. King’s 1966 speech to the Medical Committee for Human Rights, he is quoted as saying “of all the forms of inequity, injustice in healthcare is the most shocking and inhumane.” Dr....

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An African Volk

Jamie Miller.

November 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Political History; Modern History (1700 to 1945). 464 pages.

Opposition to apartheid was one of the great moments in postwar history. Its success remains a symbol of a progressive global community. An African Volk looks at this phenomenon from the...

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After the Vote

Elisabeth Israels Perry.

March 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Book. Subjects: History of the Americas; Political History. 384 pages.

Soon after his first inauguration in 1934, New York City mayor Fiorello La Guardia began appointing women into his administration. By the end of his three terms he had installed almost a...

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Afterlives

Mark Edele.

in Stalin's Defectors

June 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Political History. 7405 words.

This chapter follows the history of defection from early debates among émigrés and western scholars in the developing Cold War to contemporary historiography. It also traces the changing...

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Aftermath

Alistair Malcolm.

in Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665

December 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Political History. 4007 words.

The peace of the Pyrenees seemed to augur an era of peace that would allow Philip IV to concentrate on the long-delayed reconquest of Portugal. Yet scarcely had a year passed since the...

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Afterword

Jon Grinspan.

in Virgin Vote

May 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political History. 3031 words.

The fundamental premise driving the virgin vote was that democracy is social. The key to getting young people involved in politics, regardless of brain chemistry or shopping habits, is to...

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Against Liberalism and the Jews

James Retallack.

in Red Saxony

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political History; Modern History (1700 to 1945). 19905 words.

Like the previous chapter, this one examines 1878–90 but with a different thematic focus. Attending to national and regional developments, it reveals how regional struggles for power were...

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The Age of Imperial Reform, c. 1486–1521

Duncan Hardy.

in Associative Political Culture in the Holy Roman Empire

September 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700). 9540 words.

This final case study in associative political culture’s shaping of the evolving Holy Roman Empire examines the new legislation passed during the reign of King/Emperor Maximilian, which...

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The Agents and Structures of Peacemaking

Leonard V. Smith.

in Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Political History. 23425 words.

This chapter provides a chronological overview of peacemaking after the Great War according to a constructivist interpretation of the “agent-structure problem.” Agents are simply the...

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Agitating the Congress: Abolitionist Lobbying and Antislavery Alliances, 1836–1844

Corey M. Brooks.

in Liberty Power

January 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Political History. 10848 words.

This chapter highlights political abolitionists’ strategies for building collaborative relationships with prominent antislavery politicians, especially a handful of potential Whig allies in...

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Agnew, Spiro (9 Nov. 1918)

Edited by Dennis Kavanagh and Christopher Riches.

in A Dictionary of Political Biography

P ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political History. 293 words.

(b. Baltimore, 9 Nov. 1918; d. Berlin, Maryland, 17 Sept. 1996)

US; Vice-President, 1968–73 Agnew was

Agnew, Spiro (9 Nov. 1918)

Edited by Dennis Kavanagh and Christopher Riches.

in A Dictionary of Political Biography

P ublished online September 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political History. 293 words.

Agnew was a new ‘ethnic’ American, born the son of a Greek immigrant father. He dropped out of Johns Hopkins

Agriculture, Industry, and Communications

Anna Ross.

in Beyond the Barricades

January 2019; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Political History. 13174 words.

This chapter looks at the efforts of the Brandenburg–Manteuffel and Manteuffel Ministries of State to reform agriculture, industry, and communications in the post-revolutionary decade....

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Ahidjo, Ahmadou (Aug. 1924)

Edited by Dennis Kavanagh and Christopher Riches.

in A Dictionary of Political Biography

P ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political History. 238 words.

(b. Garoua, Cameroon, Aug. 1924; d. Dakar, Senegal, 30 Nov. 1989)

Cameroonian; Prime Minister 1958–60,

Ahidjo, Ahmadou (Aug. 1924)

Edited by Dennis Kavanagh and Christopher Riches.

in A Dictionary of Political Biography

P ublished online September 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political History. 238 words.

A Fula Muslim from the north of the country, Ahidjo received a secondary education and became a radio operator in

Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud (28 Oct. 1956)

Edited by Dennis Kavanagh and Christopher Riches.

in A Dictionary of Political Biography

P ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political History. 357 words.

(b. Garmsar, Iran, 28 Oct. 1956)

Iranian; President of the Islamic Republic of Iran 2005–  The son of