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You are looking at 21-40 of 452 items for:

Biblical Studies x History by Period x clear all

Anointing

Hannah K. Harrington.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1249 words.

The Dead Sea Scrolls provide a valuable link between the biblical tradition of anointed kings and other special individuals and

Antiochus IV Epiphanes

Isaiah M. Gafni.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 843 words.

son of Antiochus III “the Great,” succeeded his brother Seleucus IV as king of the Seleucid empire in 175 bce

Apocalyptic Texts

George W. E. Nickelsburg.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 4880 words.

Writings that are governed by a worldview in which the revelation of divine secrets is constitutive of salvation from an

Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha

John J. Collins.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 4169 words.

The word Apocrypha means “hidden things,” but the term is used traditionally to refer to those books included in the

Apocryphal New Testament

J. K. Elliott.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 2873 words.

The title Apocryphal New Testament is commonly applied to collections of early Christian writings that were not included in the

Apostolic Constitutions

James H. Charlesworth.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1045 words.

Near the end of the fourth century ce an anonymous author, perhaps living in Syria (not ancient Palestine), collected into

Apostolic Fathers

Robert A. Kraft and James C. VanderKam.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1397 words.

The collection known as the Apostolic Fathers consists of several Christian works written from the late first through the late

Arabia (Provincia Arabia)

Gordon D. Newby.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1218 words.

The term Arabia has been variously applied in both modern and ancient times to refer to a vast territory stretching

Arabic

Gordon D. Newby.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1153 words.

Arabic texts, mostly on papyrus but five on paper, have been discovered at two sites in the Judean desert. Over

Aramaic

Joseph A. S. J. Fitzmyer.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 3097 words.

Qumran texts and other Judean Desert texts have been recovered that are written in Aramaic, the most commonly used language

Aramaic Apocalypse

Joseph A. S. J. Fitzmyer.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 822 words.

Known as the Aramaic Apocalypse (4Q246) or the Son of God Text, this skin fragment (14.1 by 8.8 centimeters) preserves

Archaeological Surveys

Stephen J. Pfann.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 3930 words.

of the Judean Desert can be divided into two groups: bedouin explorations and controlled surveys (see table 1).

Archaeology

Joseph Patrich.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 5163 words.

In the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century, scholars were mainly attracted to explore the unique

archangel

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Biblical Studies.

An angel of greater than ordinary rank; (in traditional Christian angelology) a being of the eighth-highest order of the ninefold celestial hierarchy. The name is recorded from Middle...

See overview in Oxford Index

Architecture

Leonard V. Rutgers.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 3669 words.

While climatic conditions did not generally make the Judean Desert into an obvious choice for settlers, major architectural activities did

Arugot, Naḥal

Gideon Hadas.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 738 words.

Cutting through the Judean Desert, Naḥal Arugot flows southeast from the Judean Mountains to the Dead Sea, from about 1000

Assyria

Victor Avigdor Hurowitz.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1352 words.

Located on the west bank of the Tigris (Qal῾at Sherqat), forty miles south of the Upper Zab tributary, Assyria (Ashur)

Atonement

Hannah K. Harrington.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1188 words.

The term kipper (“atone”) is associated with the Arabic term kafara (“cover”) as well as with the Akkadian kuppuru (“purge”

Azazel

Alexander Maurer.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1052 words.

The name Azazel occurs in Leviticus 16.8, 10, 26 and in the Qumran texts Ages of Creation (4Q180),

Babatha

Ranon Katzoff.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 2058 words.

a Jewish woman who is the central figure in a group of papyrus documents of the early second century ce