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Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Lucas Campos and Jason E. Pope.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 7688 words.

Neuromodulation is the process of altering nerve impulses through electrical or chemical mechanisms. Peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) is one of the most diverse and rapidly expanding...

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Platelet-Rich Plasma Injections

Juewon Khwarg, Daniel A. Fung, Corey Hunter and Timothy T. Davis.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 6914 words.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous plasma suspension enriched with a supraphysiologic concentrate of platelets, isolated through a process of centrifugation. Administered locally...

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Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

Victor Foorsov, Omar Dyara, Robert Bolash and Bruce Vrooman.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 6081 words.

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction is a common cause of chronic low back pain. Certain populations are particularly susceptible to disorders of this unique joint. Anatomically, the joint is...

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Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: Percutaneous and Open

Daraspreet Singh Kainth, Karanpal Singh Dhaliwal and David W. Polly.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 4782 words.

Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain is the source of back pain in up to 25% of patients presenting with back pain. There is significant individual variation in the anatomy of the sacrum and the...

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Spinal Cord Stimulation

Erika A. Petersen.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 3815 words.

Spinal cord stimulation is an effective strategy for managing chronic neuropathic pain that is refractory to other medical treatment. Proper patient selection and fastidious technique are...

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Spinal Deformity and Scoliosis

Daraspreet Singh Kainth, Karanpal Singh Dhaliwal and David W. Polly.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 6440 words.

Spinal deformity can be present in children, adolescents, and adults. Early-onset scoliosis, which affects children less than 10 years of age, can be the result of congenital abnormalities...

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Spinal Tumors: Surgical Considerations and Approaches

Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, C. Rory Goodwin, Rajiv R. Iyer and Daniel M. Sciubba.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 3526 words.

This chapter examines the preoperative and operative considerations that should influence the management of neoplasms affecting the spinal column. The three broad categories of spinal...

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The Spine Handbook

Edited by Mehul Desai and Joseph O'Brien.

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 576 pages.

Spinal disorders, especially back pain, are frequent yet challenging for physicians to manage. While most texts are highly subspecialized or focus on only surgical intervention, The Spine...

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Surgical Approaches for Degenerative Lumbar Stenosis

Doniel Drazin, Carlito Lagman, Christine Piper, Ari Kappel and Terrence T. Kim.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 3354 words.

This chapter discusses the evaluation of patients presenting with low back pain and the surgical management of three common causes of low back pain in adults: stenosis, spondylolisthesis,...

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Sympathetic Blockade of the Spine

John M. DiMuro and Mehul J. Desai.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 3036 words.

This chapter focuses on the typical pain complaints and their appropriateness for sympathetic blockade and neurolysis. Anatomic considerations, block technique, associated risks, and...

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Thoracic Disc Disease

Ankur P. Dave.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 3683 words.

This chapter discusses thoracic disc disease (TDD), an overlooked condition affecting many chronic pain patients. TDD is rare and often misdiagnosed as cervical or lumbar disc disease....

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Thoracic Facet Dysfunction/Costotransverse Joint Pathology

Brian A. Young, Phillip S. Sizer and Miles Day.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 6543 words.

The thoracic facet and costotransverse joints are often implicated as the source of thoracic pain, yet definitive diagnostic and treatment guidance is significantly limited. This chapter...

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Thoracic Spinal Stenosis

Ameet Nagpal and Brad Wisler.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 8688 words.

Thoracic spinal stenosis is an uncommon pathologic condition of the spine. This chapter reviews its etiology, epidemiology, anatomic features, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Four of...

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Ultrasound-Guided Spine Interventions

Michael Gofeld and Rami A. Kamel.

in The Spine Handbook

May 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Rehabilitation Medicine; Spinal Surgery. 6070 words.

This chapter reviews recent advances in ultrasound-guided spine procedures. The evidence-based foundation of these methods is examined and ultrasonography is compared with other imaging...

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