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Invertebrate Neurobiology x clear all

Echinoderm Nervous System

Carlos A. Díaz-Balzac and José E. García-Arrarás.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 12298 words.

The nervous system of echinoderms has been studied for well over a century. Nonetheless, the information available is disparate, with in-depth descriptions for the nervous component of some...

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Electrophysiology and Behavior of Cnidarian Nervous Systems

Robert W. Meech.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online May 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 22810 words.

Although the Cnidaria have evolved a wide range of body forms matched with an equally varied neural anatomy, individual species exhibit common patterns of behavior. For example, in all...

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Evolution and Design of Invertebrate Circadian Clocks

Vu H. Lam and Joanna C. Chiu.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 15497 words.

Invertebrates are an incredibly diverse group of animals that come in all shapes and sizes, and live in a wide range of habitats. In order for all these organisms to perform optimally, they...

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The Feeding Network of Aplysia

Elizabeth C. Cropper, Jian Jing and Klaudiusz R. Weiss.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 15841 words.

This review focuses on the neural control of feeding in Aplysia. Its purpose is to highlight distinctive features of the behavior and to describe their neural basis. In a number of...

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Flatworm Neurobiology in the Postgenomic Era

Paul McVeigh and Aaron G. Maule.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 14846 words.

Flatworm nervous systems comprise central and peripheral components that facilitate coordinated and complex behaviors that are modulated by physiological status and sensory input. The...

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Genetic Analysis of Behavior in Drosophila

Björn Brembs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology; Molecular and Cellular Systems; Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 9291 words.

The main function of brains is to generate adaptive behavior. Far from being the stereotypical, robot-like insect, the fruit fly Drosophila exhibits astounding flexibility and chooses...

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Genetics of Behavior in C. elegans

Denise S. Walker, Yee Lian Chew and William R. Schafer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online October 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 14612 words.

The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is among the most intensely studied animals in modern experimental biology. In particular, because of its amenability to classical and molecular...

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Hemichordate Nervous System

Norio Miyamoto and Hiroshi Wada.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System; Molecular and Cellular Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 7815 words.

Hemichordates are marine invertebrates consisting of two distinct groups: the solitary enteropneusts and the colonial pterobranchs. Hemichordates are phylogenetically a sister group to...

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Identifying Critical Genes, Neurotransmitters, and Circuits for Social Behavior in Invertebrates

Sarah Certel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 10744 words.

This article examines the use of invertebrates to investigate the genetic and physiological mechanisms that regulate social behavior. A central goal in behavioral neuroscience is to...

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Insect Navigation: Neural Basis to Behavior

Stanley Heinze.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Sensory and Motor Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 16788 words.

Navigation is the ability of animals to move through their environment in a planned manner. Different from directed but reflex-driven movements, it involves the comparison of...

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Internal Ribosome Entry Site-Mediated Translation in Neuronal Protein Synthesis

Martin Holcik.

in The Oxford Handbook of Neuronal Protein Synthesis

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 10314 words.

While the majority of cellular mRNAs are translated by a cap-dependent mechanism, a subset of mRNAs can use an alternative mode of translation that, instead of cap, relies on discreet RNA...

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Invertebrate Genomics Provide Insights Into the Origin of Synaptic Transmission

Thomas W. Abrams and Wayne Sossin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 16951 words.

During the evolution of synapses, existing molecules were exapted to serve in specific synaptic roles. Recent increased availability of assembled transcriptomes from organisms that evolved...

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Invertebrate Nociception

Nathaniel J. Himmel, Atit A. Patel and Daniel N. Cox.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 12481 words.

Nociception is a protective mechanism that mediates behavioral responses to a range of potentially damaging stimuli, including noxious temperature, chemicals, and mechanical stimulation....

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Jellyfish Locomotion

Richard Satterlie.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online May 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 10980 words.

Two dichotomies exist within the swim systems of jellyfish—one centered on the mechanics of locomotion and the other on phylogenetic differences in nervous system organization. For example,...

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Leech Behavioral Choice

William B. Kristan.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 10151 words.

New techniques for recording the activity of many neurons simultaneously have given insights into how neuronal circuits make the decision to perform one of many possible behaviors. A...

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Leech Mechanosensation

Brian D. Burrell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 8027 words.

The medicinal leech (Hirudo verbana) is an annelid (segmented worm) and one of the classic model systems in neuroscience. It has been used in research for over 50 years and was one of the...

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Lymnaea Respiratory Control

Kenneth D. Lukowiak.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 355 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Please check back later for the full article.

The...

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Magnetoreception of Invertebrates

Martin Vacha.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 14651 words.

Exploiting invertebrates, such as the fruit fly Drosophila or nematode Caenorhabditis, with a modifiable genome seems to be key to answering the fundamental question of the molecular...

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Mechanisms of Axonal Degeneration and Regeneration

Jiaxing Li and Catherine A. Collins.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology; Molecular and Cellular Systems. 11171 words.

In the face of acute or chronic axonal damage, neurons and their axons undergo a number of molecular, cellular, and morphological changes. These changes facilitate two types of responses,...

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Morphology of Invertebrate Neurons and Synapses

Ian A. Meinertzhagen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 29684 words.

Despite their often small numbers, the neurons in invertebrate nervous systems can nevertheless constitute many classes, and the nervous systems of little studied or entirely new species...

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