Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 21-40 of 919 items for:

Cognitive Neuroscience x clear all

Arthropod NavigationAnts, Bees, Crabs, Spiders Finding Their Way

Ken Cheng.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13699 words.

Arthropods are a much-studied group of animals. They include insects, spiders, and hard-shelled invertebrates such as crabs. This chapter reviews four broad topics on the navigational...

Go to »  abstract

Artificial Categories and Prototype Effects in Animals

Masako Jitsumori.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 11637 words.

This chapter reviews studies documenting that nonhuman animals, such as pigeons and monkeys, are capable of learning artificial categories created based on assumptions concerning the...

Go to »  abstract

The Asperger Syndrome

Bruno Wicker and Marie Gomot.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 19607 words.

This chapter reviews major recent findings in Asperger Syndrome (AS), ranging from behavior to neurobiology, and focusing both on social cognitive and executive processes and their...

Go to »  abstract

Associative Accounts of Causality Judgments

Martha Escobar and Ralph R. Miller.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13551 words.

This chapter reviews the successes and failures of associative theory as an account of causal learning, the most prominent alternative approaches, and a possible reconciliation of these...

Go to »  abstract

Attention

Anna C. (Kia) Nobre and Sabine Kastner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience. 10662 words.

‘Attention’ is a core and fundamental aspect of cognition. Accordingly it engages a sizeable and thriving research community. The field has precious theoretical and empirical seeds left by...

Go to »  abstract

Attention and Action

Heiner Deubel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience. 12544 words.

Planning and execution of goal-directed actions are closely related to visual attention. This chapter gives an overview of research on this relationship, focusing on the role of attention...

Go to »  abstract

Attention and Action

George Alvarez.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience, Volume 1

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 14541 words.

At every moment, we face choices: Is it time to work, or to play? Should I listen to this lecture, or check my e-mail? Should I pay attention to what my significant other is saying, or do a...

Go to »  abstract

Attention and Ageing

Theodore P. Zanto and Adam Gazzaley.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Health Psychology. 23244 words.

This chapter addresses how normal ageing may affect selective attention, sustained attention, divided attention, task-switching, and attentional capture. It is not clear that all aspects of...

Go to »  abstract

Attention and Decision-Making

Christopher Summerfield and Tobias Egner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 13374 words.

This chapter reviews formal models of the decision process in humans and other primates, and discusses divergent accounts of how attention might intervene to bias or facilitate judgements...

Go to »  abstract

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Defining A Spectrum Disorder and Considering Neuroethical Implications

James M. Swanson, Timothy Wigal, Kimberley Lakes and Nora D. Volkow.

in Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

April 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 14461 words.

Prospective follow-up studies have shown that even though some children outgrow the disorder, a childhood diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is clearly a risk...

Go to »  abstract

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Chandan Vaidya.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 9402 words.

Convergent evidence from brain imaging, behavioral, and molecular genetic studies indicates that neuropathophysiology of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is rooted in...

Go to »  abstract

Attention, Motivation, and Emotion

Luiz Pessoa.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Psychology. 12548 words.

The first part of the chapter describes effects of motivation on attention at the behavioural and physiological levels. For example, reward increases detection sensitivity (dprime) in both...

Go to »  abstract

Attentional Disorders

Laure Pisella, A. Blangero, Caroline Tilikete, Damien Biotti, Gilles Rode, Alain Vighetto, Jason B. Mattingley and Yves Rossetti.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience, Volume 1

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 21828 words.

While reviewing Bálint’s syndrome and its different interpretations, a new framework of the anatomical-functional organization of the posterior parietal cortex (dorsal visual stream) is...

Go to »  abstract

Attentional Functions of the Superior Colliculus

Richard J. Krauzlis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience. 10806 words.

The superior colliculus (SC) plays an important role in both overt and covert attention. In primates, the SC is well known to be a central component of the motor pathways that orient the...

Go to »  abstract

Attentional Processes in Sport and Performance

Aidan Moran and John Toner.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Health Psychology. 8772 words.

We are constantly bombarded by information. Therefore, during every waking moment of our lives, we face decisions about which stimuli to prioritize and which ones to ignore. To complicate...

Go to »  abstract

Attitudes

William A. Cunningham, Ingrid Johnsen Haas and Andrew Jahn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Social Psychology. 11500 words.

This chapter reviews social neuroscience research that links social psychological attitudes and evaluative processes to their presumed neural bases. The chapter is organized into four...

Go to »  abstract

Audiovisual Cross-Modal Correspondences in the General Population

Cesare Parise and Charles Spence.

in Oxford Handbook of Synesthesia

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 11338 words.

For more than a century now, researchers have acknowledged the existence of seemingly arbitrary crossmodal congruency effects between dimensions of sensory stimuli in the general (i.e.,...

Go to »  abstract

Audiovisual speech perception and word recognition

Dominic W. Massaro and Alexandra Jesse.

August 2007; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 12161 words.

This article gives an overview of the main research questions and findings unique to audiovisual speech perception research, and discusses what general questions about speech perception and...

Go to »  abstract

Audition

Josh H. McDermott.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience, Volume 1

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 24973 words.

Audition is the process by which organisms use sound to derive information about the world. This chapter aims to provide a bird’s-eye view of contemporary audition research, spanning...

Go to »  abstract

Auditory attention

Charles Spence and Valerio Santangelo.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 11031 words.

This article focuses on the phenomenon of auditory attention. It briefly reviews the key empirical findings to have emerged from studies of auditory selective attention over the last fifty...

Go to »  abstract