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flight deck

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics — Warfare and Defence.

1 the cockpit of a large aircraft from which the pilot and crew fly it.

2 the deck of an aircraft carrier, used for takeoff and landing.

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flight path

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

The actual or planned course of a spacecraft. The specific direction is the imaginary line followed by the centre of the spacecraft's mass.

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flight plan

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics — Warfare and Defence.

The written instructions for the general control of the spacecraft and for planned events. A space shuttle flight plan is hundreds of pages long. Crew members study a flight plan, including...

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footprint

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Of a satellite or spacecraft, the area of the Earth or other body that is being imaged by its instruments, or over which its signals can be received.

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Fotheringham, John Knight (1874–1936), historian and astronomer

F. R. Stephenson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1067 words.

Fotheringham, John Knight (1874–1936), historian and astronomer, was born on 14 August 1874 at St John's presbytery, Tottenham, Middlesex, the second son of David Fotheringham (1830–1918),...

General Dynamics Corporation

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

A US corporation whose space accomplishments include the Atlas and Centaur rockets, as well as the space shuttle's mid-fuselage. It has also contributed to the Hubble Space Telescope, the I...

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Greaves, John (1602–1652), astronomer and orientalist

Francis Maddison.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; Education. 1103 words.

Greaves, John (1602–1652), astronomer and orientalist, was probably born at Alresford, Hampshire, the eldest of the four sons of John Greaves (1579–1616), rector of Colmer, a noted...

g-suit

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

The clothing worn by a pilot or astronaut that exerts pressure on the abdomen and lower parts of the body to prevent or retard the collection of blood below the chest during high...

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Harriot, Thomas

David B. Quinn.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; World History; Travel and Holiday; Literary Studies (Travel Literature); Cartography; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1096 words.

Harriot, Thomas (1560–02 July 1621), scientist, linguist, and author of the first English book on North America, was born in Oxford (city or county), England; his parentage is unknown. As...

Hill, Thomas

Luke Fernandez.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1037 words.

Hill, Thomas (07 January 1818–21 November 1891), Unitarian clergyman, college president, and scientist, was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the son of Thomas Hill, a judge, and Henrietta...

Hinks, Arthur Robert (1873–1945), astronomer and geographer

R. N. Rudmose Brown.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 841 words.

Hinks, Arthur Robert (1873–1945), astronomer and geographer, was born in Stoke Newington, London, on 26 May 1873, the eldest of the five sons and three daughters of Robert Hinks, a civil...

Holden, Edward Singleton

Donald E. Osterbrock.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1479 words.

Holden, Edward Singleton (05 November 1846–16 March 1914), astronomer and librarian, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of Edward Holden and Sarah Frances Singleton. His mother died...

jettison

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Items of a ship's cargo that have been thrown overboard to lighten the ship in dangerous circumstances. If the items are insured they constitute a general average loss (see average.)

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Ketton, Robert of (fl. 1141–1157), astronomer and translator

Charles Burnett.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2268 words.

Ketton, Robert of (fl. 1141–1157), astronomer and translator, is almost certainly identifiable with Robert, archdeacon of Pamplona (fl. 1145–1157): both are attested in Spain in the middle...

Langley Research Center

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics — Warfare and Defence.

A NASA facility in Hampton, Virginia, used for aeronautics research. Langley was established in 1917 as the USA's first civil aeronautics laboratory. It conducts programmes in atmospheric...

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Lee [formerly Fiott], John (1783–1866), antiquary and astronomer

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1673 words.

Lee [formerly Fiott], John (1783–1866), antiquary and astronomer, was born John Fiott on 28 April 1783, the eldest son of John Fiott, merchant of London, and his wife, Harriet, daughter of...

Leuschner, Armin Otto

Donald E. Osterbrock.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1291 words.

Leuschner, Armin Otto (16 January 1868–22 April 1953), astronomer and educator, was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Richard Otto Leuschner, a German immigrant, and Caroline Humburg...

Lily, George (d. 1559), Roman Catholic ecclesiastic and cosmographer

T. F. Mayer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1067 words.

Lily, George (d. 1559), Roman Catholic ecclesiastic and cosmographer, was born in London, the eldest son of William Lily (1468?–1522/3) and his wife, Agnes. Probably privately educated by...

Lindsay, James Ludovic, twenty-sixth earl of Crawford and ninth earl of Balcarres (1847–1913), astronomer and book collector

Owen Gingerich.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 916 words.

Lindsay, James Ludovic, twenty-sixth earl of Crawford and ninth earl of Balcarres (1847–1913), astronomer and book collector, the only son of Alexander William Crawford Lindsay,...

Ljungberg, Jøns Mathias (1748–1812)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Mathematics; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 3 words.

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