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Garton, Sir Richard Charles (1857–1934), chemist and brewer

Fiona Wood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 799 words.

Garton, Sir Richard Charles (1857–1934), chemist and brewer, was born at 11 Richmond Place, Bedminster, Somerset, on 8 October 1857, the eldest of five sons of William Garton (1832–1905) a...

Hadfield, Sir Robert Abbott, baronet (1858–1940), metallurgist and steel maker

C. H. Desch.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Metals, Alloying, and Corrosion; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 1506 words.

Hadfield, Sir Robert Abbott, baronet (1858–1940), metallurgist and steel maker, was born in the Vestry Hall, Hilltop, Attercliffe, near Sheffield, on 28 November 1858. He was the only son...

Henry, Thomas (1734–1816), apothecary and chemist

Frank Greenaway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry; Pharmacology. 1003 words.

Henry, Thomas (1734–1816), apothecary and chemist, was born on 28 September 1734 at Wrexham, Wales, the third of five children and the second of three sons of William Henry. His parents...

Hill, Henry Aaron

Kenneth R. Manning.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Science and Mathematics; Medicinal Chemistry. 1180 words.

Hill, Henry Aaron (30 May 1915–17 March 1979), chemist and businessman, was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, the son of William Anthony Hill II, the head waiter at a local hotel, and Kate Anna...

Humfrey, William (c. 1515–1579), mining promoter and assayer

David Kiernan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 737 words.

Humfrey, William (c. 1515–1579), mining promoter and assayer, about whom nothing is known before 1560, was a central figure in the Elizabethan government's attempt to revitalize the...

Keating, Thomas (c. 1787–1870), chemist and druggist

Adrian Room.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry; Pharmacology. 799 words.

Keating, Thomas (c. 1787–1870), chemist and druggist, was born in Homerton, Middlesex, the son of William Keating, attorney. Little is known of his early life but the court minute-book of...

Keir, James (1735–1820), chemist and industrialist

Barbara M. D. Smith.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1379 words.

Keir, James (1735–1820), chemist and industrialist, was born on 29 September 1735 at Edinburgh, the youngest of eighteen children of John Keir (1686–1743), landowner of Muirton and...

MacGregor, Sir Ian Kinloch (1912–1998), metallurgical engineer and industrialist

M. W. Kirby.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry; Engineering (General). 2110 words.

MacGregor, Sir Ian Kinloch (1912–1998), metallurgical engineer and industrialist, was born on 21 September 1912 at The Bungalow, Kinlochleven, Argyll, the third son of Daniel MacGregor, a...

Mallinckrodt, Edward, Jr.

Jane A. Miller.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 1283 words.

Mallinckrodt, Edward, Jr. (17 November 1878–19 January 1967), chemical manufacturer and chemist, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of Edward Mallinckrodt, a chemical manufacturer,...

Matthey, George (1825–1913), refiner and metallurgist

Ian E. Cottington.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Metals, Alloying, and Corrosion; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 1030 words.

Matthey, George (1825–1913), refiner and metallurgist, was born on 8 May 1825, the fourth son of John Matthey, a stockbroker and foreign-exchange dealer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Green....

McCance, Sir Andrew (1889–1983), steelmaster and metallurgist

Peter L. Payne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Metals, Alloying, and Corrosion; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 1782 words.

McCance, Sir Andrew (1889–1983), steelmaster and metallurgist, was born at 12 Adder Steps, Cadder, Dunbartonshire, on 30 March 1889, the third of four children and younger son of John...

Mercer, John (1791–1866), calico printer and chemist

P. J. Hartog.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1469 words.

Mercer, John (1791–1866), calico printer and chemist, was born on 21 February 1791 at Dean, in the parish of Great Harwood, near Blackburn, Lancashire, the eldest of three children of...

Mond, Ludwig (1839–1909)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Financial Aspects of Art; Medicinal Chemistry. 3 words.

See Mond family

Mond, Sir Robert Ludwig (1867–1938), chemist and archaeologist

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Archaeology; Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 3 words.

See Mond family

Morehead, John Motley

Herbert T. Pratt.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Diplomatic History; International Relations; Medicinal Chemistry. 1178 words.

Morehead, John Motley (03 November 1870–07 January 1965), electrochemist, diplomat, and philanthropist, was born in Spray (now Eden), North Carolina, the son of James Turner Morehead, a...

Mowbray, George Mordey

Joseph W. Slade.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 1232 words.

Mowbray, George Mordey (05 May 1814–21 June 1891), chemist and explosives manufacturer, was born in Brighton, England; the names of his parents are unknown. Mowbray recounted of his early...

Mushet, David (1772–1847), ironmaster and metallurgist

Ian J. Standing.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Metals, Alloying, and Corrosion; Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 935 words.

Mushet, David (1772–1847), ironmaster and metallurgist, was born on 2 October 1772 at Dalkeith, near Edinburgh, the eldest son of William Mushet, foundry owner, and his wife, Margaret...

Nicholson, Edward Chambers (1827–1890), chemist and dye manufacturer

Francis Goodall.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 771 words.

Nicholson, Edward Chambers (1827–1890), chemist and dye manufacturer, was born in January 1827 at Lincoln, the seventh son of Robert Nicholson. His mother died the following year and he was...

O'Sullivan, Cornelius (1841–1907), brewing chemist

T. E. James.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 693 words.

O'Sullivan, Cornelius (1841–1907), brewing chemist, was born in Bandon, co. Cork, on 20 December 1841, one of three boys and four girls born to James O'Sullivan, merchant, and his wife,...

Pennington, Mary Engle

Elizabeth Noble Shor.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Medicinal Chemistry. 1110 words.

Pennington, Mary Engle (08 October 1872–27 December 1952), food-processing chemist, was born in Nashville, Tennessee, the daughter of Henry Pennington and Sarah B. Molony. Soon after her...